New Reviews on Shigella and C diff at Eureka Science Magazine

(PRWEB) November 03, 2011

The Science Magazine covers a wide range of topics including biology, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, geography, environment and health. Drawing from this pool of scientific disciplines, it publishes reviews on biological topics which have recently become popular in the public.

The review on Shigella covers the causes, incidence, and risk factors associated with this bacterial disease which is closely related to E. coli and Salmonella. Infection of humans with Shigella can cause dysentery (flux, bloody flux), an inflammatory disorder of the intestine which can be fatal. The review covers decontamination procedures for fresh vegetables which sometimes carry bacteria including Shigella, E. coli and Salmonella. It also focuses on immunization practices such as antibiotic E coli, immunoglobulin G LPS antibodies and S sonnei or Shigella flexneri 2a O-SP conjugate vaccines. These vaccines may be alternatives to more common use of antibiotics including streptomycin, chloromycetin, terramycin, achromycin and neomycin, aureomycin and erythromycin. The article documents studies to trace Shigella epidemics back to possible causes including shigellae-contaminated food and drinks but also environmental waters.

C diff is an abbreviation for the bacteria Clostridium difficile which is the most serious cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD), a severe infection of the colon, often resulting from destruction of the normal flora of the digestive tract by antibiotics. The review on C. difficile focuses on laboratory detection methods for C diff and C perfringens which are enterotoxins causing antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. Since C difficile produces two toxins, and systemic and mucosal anti-toxin A antibodies prevent or limit C difficile-associated diarrhea, immunization with formalin-treated C difficile toxin A can induce systemic and mucosal anti-CDA immune responses. The antibiotics metronidazole and vancomycin are currently the best antibiotics to treat C diff-associated diarrhea.

The Science Magazine was launched in November 1998 as the online version of the French science magazine "Eur

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